“I used to wake up feeling weak. Subsequent to tests, I was diagnosed with tuberculosis.” – Amitabh Bachchan.
He said it took a year for him to beat the ailment and emerge victorious.
Tuberculosis, commonly known as TB, is a bacterial infection that can spread through the lymph nodes and bloodstream to any organ in your body. It is most often found in the lungs. Most people who are exposed to TB never develop symptoms because the bacteria can live in an inactive form in the body.
But if the immune system weakens, such as in people with HIV or elderly adults, TB bacteria can become active.
India has approximately 2-3 million people infected with Tuberculosis. This public health problem is the world’s largest tuberculosis epidemic. The disease kills around 3 lakh people annually in India.
Symptoms of TB Disease:
Symptoms depend on where in the body the TB bacteria is growing. TB disease symptoms may include:
- A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer
- Pain in the chest
- Coughing up blood or sputum (phlegm from deep inside the lungs)
- Weakness or fatigue
- Weight loss
- No appetite
- Sweating at night
TB is NOT spread by:
- Shaking someone’s hand
- Sharing food or drink
- Touching bed linens or toilet seats
- Sharing toothbrushes
Prevention & Treatment:
- Vaccines: The only available vaccine as of 2011 is Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG). In children it decreases the risk of getting the infection by 20% and the risk of infection turning into disease by nearly 60%.
- Ventilate the room: Tuberculosis germs spread more easily in small closed spaces where air doesn’t move. If it’s not too cold outdoors, open the windows and use a fan to blow indoor air outside.
- Cover your mouth: Use a tissue to cover your mouth anytime you laugh, sneeze or cough. Put the dirty tissue in a bag, seal it and throw it away.
- Wear a mask: Wearing a surgical mask when you’re around other people during the first three weeks of treatment may help lessen the risk of transmission.
Tuberculosis is treatable with a six-month course of antibiotics.
Don’t be scared by TB. It can be cured with proper treatment and medication. What matters is awareness
Get a test done today and give yourself a healthy hug ..
Credits: ccd gov