What to do during an earthquake?
- If you’re outdoors: stay in the open away from power lines or anything that might fall. Stay far away from buildings
- If you’re in an office building: stay away from windows and outside walls and do not use the elevator
- If you’re driving: Pull over to the side of the road, stop, and set the parking lights. Avoid overpasses, bridges, power lines and signboards. Stay inside the vehicle until the shaking is over. If a power line falls on the car, stay inside until a trained person removes the wire.
- If you’re indoors: stay there. Get under and hold onto a desk or table, or stand against an interior wall. Stay clear of exterior walls, glass, heavy furniture, fireplaces and appliances. The kitchen is a particularly dangerous spot.
- If you’re In bed: Try and hide underneath the bed (if possible), else hold on and stay there, protecting your head with a pillow. You are less likely to be injured staying where you are. Broken glass on the floor has caused injury to those who have rolled to the floor or tried to get to doorways.
Get out of your building as soon as the earthquake settles down: Use stairs not elevators.
What to do after an earthquake?
- Check yourself for injuries: Administer first aid or try to get help from others nearby if necessary. Once you’ve tended to yourself, check others in your immediate area for injury and administer first aid as needed
- Put on protection: sturdy shoes, long pants, a long-sleeved shirt and work gloves for protection against broken glass and debris
- Check water, gas, and electric lines for damage:If any are damaged, shut off the valves. Check for the smell of gas. If you smell it, open all the windows and doors, leave immediately, and report it to the authorities (use someone else’s phone)
- Move quickly to an open space: Stay out of damaged buildings, be careful around broken glass and debris. Wear boots or sturdy shoes to keep from cutting your feet
- Be Prepared for aftershocks:Do not panic!! listen to the radio for important information and instructions. Remember that aftershocks, sometimes large enough to cause damage in their own right, generally follow large quakes.