Defeat Breast Cancer before it gets Deadly

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Bangalore has seen one of the highest increase in Breast Cancer cases in the last 5 years, with every 3 out of 100 women in Bangalore now suffering from Breast Cancer.

The term “breast cancer” refers to a malignant tumor that has developed from cells in the breast. Usually breast cancer either begins in the cells of the lobules, which are the milk-producing glands, or the ducts, the passages that drain milk from the lobules to the nipple.

Over time, cancer cells can invade nearby healthy breast tissue and make their way into the underarm lymph nodes, small organs that filter out foreign substances in the body. If cancer cells get into the lymph nodes, they then have a pathway into other parts of the body. The breast cancer’s stage refers to how far the cancer cells have spread beyond the original tumor.

Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in females worldwide. It accounts for 16% of all female cancers and 22.9% of invasive cancers in women. 18.2% of all cancer deaths worldwide, including both males and females, are from breast cancer. Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has found in its study there has been a drastic increase in breast cancer cases in Bangalore. It has increased from 17.3/1000 population to 29.5/1000 population in just five years.

Risk Factors & Causes:

  • Genetics
  • A family history of breast cancer
  • Dense breast tissue
  • Obesity
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Radiation exposure

Symptoms :

  • A lump in a breast
  • Pain in the armpits or breast that does not seem to be related to the woman’s menstrual period
  • Pitting or redness of the skin of the breast; like the skin of an orange
  • Rash around (or on) one of the nipples
  • Swelling (lump) in one of the armpits
  • An area of thickened tissue in a breast
  • One of the nipples has a discharge; sometimes it may contain blood
  • The nipple changes in appearance; it may become sunken or inverted
  • The size or the shape of the breast changes
  • The nipple-skin or breast-skin may have started to peel, scale or flake

Prevention :

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Drink less alcohol
  • Be physically active
  • Breastfeed your children
  • Get breast cancer screening done regularly

Treatment :

  • Radiation therapy (radiotherapy)
  • Surgery
  • Biological therapy (targeted drug therapy)
  • Hormone therapy
  • Chemotherapy

“I’m happy to tell you that having been through surgery and chemotherapy and radiation, breast cancer is officially behind me. I feel absolutely great and i am raring to go.”- Carly Fiorina, former CEO,HP

Source:medicalnewstoday,Dnaindia,Wikipdia, Breastcancer.org

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