“The typical response from people when I tell them I’m diabetic is, ‘Oh, I’m sorry to hear that’. You know, I’m not. I’m a better athlete because of diabetes rather than despite it. I’m aware of my training, my fitness and my nutrition. I’m proactive about my health.” – Charlie Kimball, first American in 13 years to win a British F3 Race
Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both.
It is estimated that over 382 million people throughout the world have diabetes. Over 40 million people in India are affected by diabetes. About 15 per cent of the adult population in Bangalore have diabetes and equal number of people are pre-diabetic.By 2030, India’s diabetes burden is expected to cross the 100 million mark. Diabetes causes 6 deaths every minute and one in 20 deaths in the world. Every year it is estimated that 3.2 million people in the world die due to the diabetes or its related causes.
The different types of diabetes are:
- Type 1 Diabetes: The body does not produce insulin. Some people may refer to this type as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before the age of 40 years, often in early adulthood or teenage years.
- Type 2 Diabetes: The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance). Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type.
- Gestational Diabetes: This type affects females during pregnancy. Some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose.
- Pre-Diabetes: Before people develop type 2 diabetes, they almost always have “pre-diabetes” — blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.
- Frequent urination
- Excessive thirst
- Increased hunger
- Weight loss
- Lack of interest and concentration
- A tingling sensation or numbness in the hands or feet
- Blurred vision
- Frequent infections
- Slow-healing wounds
- Vomiting and stomach pain (often mistaken as the flu)
- People with diabetes should not exercise
- Fat people always develop type 2 diabetes eventually
- Don’t eat too much sugar, you will become diabetic
- Manage your weight
- Exercise regularly
- Eat a balanced, healthy diet
- Limit takeaway and processed foods
- Limit your alcohol intake
- Quit smoking
- Control your blood pressure
- See your doctor for regular check-ups
“I am a type-2 diabetic, and they took me off medication simply because I ate right and exercised. Diabetes is not like a cancer, where you go in for chemo and radiation. You can change a lot through a basic changing of habits.” – Sherri Shepherd (an American author, businesswoman, actress, and comedian). Diabetes can be controlled. You just need to be aware
Source: Wikipedia, Medicalnewstoday.com