Dengue – When a mosquito bite can be life threatening

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Dengue (pronounced Dengee) fever is a painful, debilitating mosquito-borne disease caused by any one of the four closely related dengue viruses. National Vector Borne Disease Control Program officials have counted more than 32,000 cases of dengue and 100 deaths in the country this year.

Symptoms:

Symptoms, which usually begin four to six days after infection and last for up to 10 days, may include

  • Sudden, high fever
  • Severe headaches
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Severe joint and muscle pain
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Skin rash, which appears two to five days after the onset of fever
  • Mild bleeding (such a nose bleed, bleeding gums, or easy bruising)

Prevention:

There is no vaccine to prevent dengue fever. The best way to prevent the disease is to prevent bites by infected mosquitoes. This involves protecting yourself and making efforts to keep the mosquito population down.

To protect yourself:

  • Stay away from heavily populated residential areas, if possible.
  • Use mosquito repellents, even indoors.
  • When outdoors, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants tucked into socks.
  • When indoors, use air conditioning if available.
  • Make sure window and door screens are secure and free of holes. If sleeping areas are not screened or air conditioned, use mosquito nets.
  • If you have symptoms of dengue, speak to your doctor.

Treatment:

There is no specific medicine to treat dengue infection. If you think you may have dengue fever, you should use pain relievers with acetaminophen and avoid medicines with aspirin, which could worsen bleeding.
You should also rest, drink plenty of fluids, and see your doctor. If you start to feel worse in the first 24 hours after your fever goes down, you should get to a hospital immediately to be checked for complications.

Source:WebMd

www.medyog.com